Arthroscopy

Minimally Invasive Surgery

Arthroscopy

Arthroscopy is the surgical procedure where a tiny camera is inserted into a joint to diagnose &/or treat joint injuries or abnormalities.  Treatments done to shoulder, elbow, knee, and hock joints using this method are called “minimally invasive” as there are 2-3 half inch incisions on either side of the joint.  Arthroscopy allows the surgeon a better view of the joint which leads to more accurate diagnosis and the treatments cause less tissue damage resulting in less pain and quicker recovery period.  At VSCP we use arthroscopy to treat the following:

Shoulder

  • Diagnostic arthroscopy
  • Osteochondrosis (OCD) flap removal
  • Biceps tendon repair

Elbow

  • Diagnostic arthroscopy
  • Osteochondrosis (OCD)
  • Fragmented cornoid processes/Elbow dysplasia                                                   

please review the client hand-out for more information on elbow dysplasia
Elbow Dysplasia PDF Download
CI elbow dysplasia 

or watch the surgical video presented by Arthrex Veterinary Products https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DXKh89Xz_FE

Knee/Stifle

  • Diagnostic arthroscopy
  • Osteochondrosis (OCD)
  • Cruciate ligament tears

Tarsus/Wrist & Hock/Ankle

  • Diagnostic arthroscopy
  • Osteochondrosis (OCD)

The procedure

  • The patient is placed under general anesthesia
  • The skin over the joint is shaved and scrubbed prior to surgery
  • Sterile saline is injected into the joint to extend the capsule
  • The camera and instruments and placed into the joint through 2-3 very small incisions
  • After the joint has been explored using the camera the surgeon may insert small graspers/forceps or an electric shaver to remove pieces of bone or cartilage that are affecting the joint
  • Many of our arthroscopy patients go home the same day as the procedure with a very short recovery period

Disadvantages/Complications

  1. Swelling of the joint for 2-3 days (from the saline injected during procedure)
  2. Infection (rare)
  3. Inability to treat the joint via arthroscopy and having to procedure with an open joint approach (increases anesthetic time)